John Breed, Diary and Training diary, item 150

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Observation of Fire

     Observation is chiefly a matter of experience,

good eyesight, and good glasses with a large field, however

a few points may be noted which will be of assistance


The process of ranging with percussion shell consists of

firing shell at certain elevations so that the position of the

bursts with reference to the target can be observed, now

it by no means follows that the ranging shell should be

fired at the target

Suppose the target to be a company of infantry in a

large irregular gorse-covert, where the burst of a shell

is difficult to locate, with a slope of open pasture to

the right of it. Then the proper course is to range on the

open ground when every burst is visible, and when a

100 yards bracket has been obtained, to shift the line on

to the covert

Similarly, when firing at a line of men in a ravine on a

hillside, the battery Commander should range on the upper end

of the ravine. For if the first shell falls into the deeper

portion lower down, it may disappear altogether, and there

will be nothing to show that it has not gone right over the hill

Transcription saved

Observation of Fire

     Observation is chiefly a matter of experience,

good eyesight, and good glasses with a large field, however

a few points may be noted which will be of assistance


The process of ranging with percussion shell consists of

firing shell at certain elevations so that the position of the

bursts with reference to the target can be observed, now

it by no means follows that the ranging shell should be

fired at the target

Suppose the target to be a company of infantry in a

large irregular gorse-covert, where the burst of a shell

is difficult to locate, with a slope of open pasture to

the right of it. Then the proper course is to range on the

open ground when every burst is visible, and when a

100 yards bracket has been obtained, to shift the line on

to the covert

Similarly, when firing at a line of men in a ravine on a

hillside, the battery Commander should range on the upper end

of the ravine. For if the first shell falls into the deeper

portion lower down, it may disappear altogether, and there

will be nothing to show that it has not gone right over the hill


Transcription history
  • April 3, 2017 03:25:38 Cheryl Ellsworth

    Observation of Fire

         Observation is chiefly a matter of experience,

    good eyesight, and good glasses with a large field, however

    a few points may be noted which will be of assistance


    The process of ranging with percussion shell consists of

    firing shell at certain elevations so that the position of the

    bursts with reference to the target can be observed, now

    it by no means follows that the ranging shell should be

    fired at the target

    Suppose the target to be a company of infantry in a

    large irregular gorse-covert, where the burst of a shell

    is difficult to locate, with a slope of open pasture to

    the right of it. Then the proper course is to range on the

    open ground when every burst is visible, and when a

    100 yards bracket has been obtained, to shift the line on

    to the covert

    Similarly, when firing at a line of men in a ravine on a

    hillside, the battery Commander should range on the upper end

    of the ravine. For if the first shell falls into the deeper

    portion lower down, it may disappear altogether, and there

    will be nothing to show that it has not gone right over the hill

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    ID
    17035 / 198389
    Source
    http://europeana1914-1918.eu/...
    Contributor
    Mrs Jean Hanby
    License
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/



    • Western Front

    • Artillery
    • Trench Life



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